Nomadic Octopus' Paperbug Campaign
This report explores the operational environment of the Nomadic Octopus espionage group's Tajikistan Campaign: Paperbug.
According to victim analysis, the group targets high-ranking government officials, telecommunication services, and public service infrastructures. The types of compromised machines range from individuals' computers to OT devices. These targets make operation "Paperbug" intelligence-driven.
The environment itself is built with fundamental functionality. This makes the attribution challenging; it leaves little room for comments. However, the findings were sufficient to profile this group in this case.